The history of dogs dates back thousands of years and is intertwined with the history of human civilization. The precise origins of dogs are still debated among scientists, but the general consensus is that dogs are descendants of wolves. It is believed that early humans domesticated wolves over 15,000 years ago, leading to the emergence of the first domestic dogs.
The domestication of wolves likely occurred as humans transitioned from a nomadic hunting lifestyle to settled agricultural communities. Wolves were attracted to human campsites due to the availability of food scraps and waste, and over time, a mutually beneficial relationship developed. Wolves provided assistance with hunting, guarding, and herding, while humans provided food and shelter.
Selective breeding played a significant role in shaping the early dog breeds. Humans began selectively breeding dogs with desirable traits to create specialized breeds for specific tasks such as herding, guarding, and companionship. This process led to the development of diverse dog breeds with distinct physical and behavioral characteristics.