The name "tuxedo cat" is derived from the cat's distinctive black and white coloring, which resembles a tuxedo suit. These cats typically have a primarily black coat with white markings on their chest, paws, face, and sometimes on their belly. The white markings give them the appearance of wearing a formal tuxedo, complete with a "white shirt" or "bib" and "white gloves."
The term "tuxedo cat" is a colloquial and descriptive name used to refer to cats with this particular coat pattern. It's not a breed itself but rather a way to describe a cat's appearance based on its coat color and pattern. Tuxedo cats can belong to various breeds and can also be domestic shorthair or longhair cats with this distinctive black and white coloration. Their elegant and formal appearance has led to the adoption of the term "tuxedo" to describe them.